Basil is a woody, branching annual and a warm-weather perennial that can grow very quickly in temperatures between 80- and 90 degrees. If you are planning to make pesto, basil can be grown in a few plants. However, it is possible to get plenty of leaves from just two or three plants. A dozen plants will make enough pesto to last you a winter. Gardeners often mix different types of basil together in their flower beds so that it’s ready for quick harvest whenever they need. It’s also great for container gardening.
Basil: Why should you grow it?
What would it feel like to just take a few basil leaves from your garden and make your own basil sauce? Anyone would be delighted to add fresh, ‘out-of-the-garden’ produce to their food instead of purchasing it from a store. We find the fresh basil leaves that have been picked from the garden to have a relaxing effect on our minds.
Basil growing at home is not the only reason to do so. The plant can grow in any space, including pots, windowsills, and other places that get ample sunlight.
How to Plant Basil
Basil can be grown indoors or outside, as long as you provide enough sunlight and protect it from the cold. Basil can be grown all year and in small spaces such as pots.
Steps to Planting Basil
We have compiled a list of important steps to help you grow basil. These are important steps to follow.
Basil cultivation is easy, but it’s important to know when the best time to plant. Basil is most productive in June. If you plan to grow basil indoors in pots of any size, place at least 2 to 3 seeds per pot. Each pot should be at most 5-7 cm in diameter. Fill the pots with moist compost and potting soil before placing the seeds. Make sure the pots are able to drain well. After the seeds are placed, cover them with compost. Place the pots in direct sunlight, like a windowill.
To speed up the process of germinating basil seedlings, you can also cover pots with clingfilm. Once you begin to see seedlings emerge from the soil, remove the film and allow air to flow. Repeat this several times, then remove the film and re-apply the cling. After several days of showing air repeatedly, you can remove the film.
Place the pots into shallow containers filled with water. This is necessary to ensure that the seedlings receive enough moisture to allow them to grow. Wait 14 days before you can see the seedlings emerge from the soil.
You should wait for 3 more weeks before you cut the weaker seedlings from the strong ones. Choose the best seedlings from each pot.
Once the stems of your seedlings are taller and have developed strong leaves, the transplanting process will start. These can be transplanted into larger pots with a minimum 10 cm diameter or you can plant them outside. If you want to grow basil plants indoors, you will need to place them in direct sunlight such as a windowill.
If you plan to grow basil outdoors, spot selection is important as it will affect the future of your plants. You must choose a spot for outdoor growth that is sunny but not prone to wind or frost.
After securing the spot, the seedlings must be taken out of the pot and placed in a hole at least 1 cm in size. After removing the seedlings, you should be gentle and cover the hole with soil. Then press down gently. You can start watering as soon as possible.
How do you grow basil?
These points will help you to clear up any doubts you may have about growing basil.
Basil will only grow well if the soil used for potting is well-drained and moistened. You can add compost, organic if necessary, to neutralize the soil’s pH. It is important to not add too much compost as it will make the soil more rich. The basil leaves will lose much of their flavor as a result.
Basil needs to be exposed to sufficient sunlight each day to grow to its full potential. Basil can be grown by anyone who has at least six hours of sunlight. But, don’t overexpose them to direct sunlight, especially at noon.
Make sure to water only the basil leaves and not the base when watering. The soil should be kept moist, but not too wet.
Basil plants can grow up to 12-24 inches in height. It is important to space them between pots and garden beds at least 12-16 inches apart. The Globe basil is the most popular of all basil varieties. It can be grown in small pots and is therefore best for pot cultivation.
Basil can be complemented by other herbs or plants to enhance its flavor and aroma. Basil can be planted alongside tomatoes and parsley. However, you should choose plants with the same needs as basil such as water and light.
How do you harvest basil?
Once you have grown basil, it is time to harvest it. Basil grows quickly so you can harvest it whenever you feel the plant has enough leaves. Here are some tips for harvesting basil.
When basil plants reach 10 cm in height, harvest basil immediately.
You can either cut or pinch the leaves or even snip the ones with the most green basil leaves. Clipping the leaves daily will increase their growth and prevent them from becoming leggier.
Some people avoid cutting off stems because it can affect the health of basil plants. After their first harvest, they only remove the leaves that are still growing.
It is important to harvest basil before it begins producing flowers. Because the leaves are more healthy before they produce flowers, this is important. If you see any flowering, you can snip off or pinch them. The flowers can be used as they are edible. The basil plant will grow stronger and more fragrant leaves if the flowers have been snipped.